Therefore, the study examines the environmental factors. Chemical analyses by X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence and scanning electron microscope were also conducted. Microbial deterioration of limestone was studied on samples taken from Sultan Hassan mosque, the Islamic monument located in Cairo, Egypt.
BERND FITZNER, KURT HEINRICHS & DENNIS LA BOUCHARDIERESince Pharaonic times local limestones have been used in Cairo for monument construction. Weathering damage on many historical stone monuments in Cairo is alarming. Studies on properties and weathering behaviour of the limestones were carried out by means of laboratory tests and in situ investigation of many historical monuments.
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Natural stone, weathering phenomena, conservation strategies and case studies : introduction / S. Siegesmund, T. Weiss & A. Vollbrecht --Freeze-thaw cycles and their influence on marble deterioration : a long-term experiment / J. Ondrasina, D. Kirchner & S. Siegesmund --Evolution of the petrophysical properties of two types of Alsatian ...
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limestone aggregate in egypt. Utilization of cement treated recycled concrete aggregates as base ... 16 Mar 2013 ... The origin of the lizenithne aggregates is EL-Suez area, in the northeast Egypt. ... Lizenithne weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt. In Greater Cairo, Egypt (comprising the governorates of Cairo, Giza and Qalubiyya ...
The industrial use of carbonate rocks depends on physical and chemical properties. These properties are the result of the sedimentary and diagenetic history of the rocks. In many cases, the 'primary...
The Geology of Egypt. The three layers. A layer of limestone covers most of the surface of modern Egypt. Beneath this lies a bed of sandstone, and this earlier sandstone is the surface rock in Nubia and southern Upper Egypt, as far north as the area between Edfu and Luxor.
Egypt Limestone Cairo; ... Limestone weathering on historical monuments in … In Greater Cairo, Egypt (comprising the governorates of Cairo, Giza and Qalubiyya) are located monuments of outstanding historical and artistical importance, ranging from pharaonic monuments to Roman, Coptic and Islamic monuments (Fig. 1).
Massive and mysterious, the Great Pyramids of Giza tug on the heart of every traveler and adventurer to come and explore. Giza is now a suburb of Cairo, and the pyramids are certainly the most ...
All monuments have suffered weathering damage. In the year 2000 an Egyptian–German research co-operation was started aiming at the systematic investigation of stone weathering on the historical monuments in Upper Egypt as a contribution to monument preservation.
Salt crystallization is more common in coastal areas and hot, dry climates. Examples of weathering by salt crystallization are the brick monuments in Ayutthaya, Thailand, and many limestone monuments in Cairo, Egypt. Root Wedging. A third form of physical weathering that can have a devastating effect on man-made monuments is "root wedging."
Barqoq Islamic monument was built 1284 a, c., at old Islamic Cairo, east or Cairo, Egypt. Severe damage has been observed in the foundations of Barqoq monument. There are many weathering forms are observed such as flaking, crumbling, salt efflorescence's, granular disintegration, bad weathering ...
Cairo is full of ancient landmarks, which are numerous and stand alongside more contemporary monuments that are the result of modern Egypt under the legacy of founding leader Abdul Nasser. The monuments of Cairo are all fascinating to visit and offer an insight into ancient civilisations and customs.
monuments in Cairo have shown that different limestone varieties often were used at the same monument. Limestones with considerable petrographical variations are still used for monument restoration. Weathering forms on the limestone monuments Weathering forms are the visible result of weathering processes which are initiated and
Weathering Of Limestone . weathering of limestone - crusherasia.com. Weathering - Test Page for Apache Installation · PDF . Carbonation is the chemical weathering of chalk and limestone rocks by rainfall. Exercise 2 Copy and complete the following sentences using words from the box below.
Lizenithne weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt. historical monuments. The laboratory studies reveal for the Middle Eocene lizenithnes considerable petrographical variations. The lizenithne weathering was. More details » Get Price
Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt. Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt BERND FITZNER, KURT HEINRICHS & DENNIS LA BOUCHARDIERE ... Egypt (comprising the governorates of Cairo, Giza and Qalubiyya) are located ... weathering damage on the monuments. Fig.
Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, 2003915&ensp·&enspLimestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt BERND FITZNER, KURT HEINRICHS & DENNIS LA BOUCHARDIERE Egypt (comprising the governorates of Cairo, Giza and Qalubiyya) are loed Limestone quarry, Mokattam mountains west of >>Price
INVESTIGATIONS ON LIMESTONE WEATHERING 63 Fig (1‐ a, b) Map of study area and the minaret this happened during Nile floods (Said, Building materials of the minaret 1981). ... (1982) Study of monuments from the historical artistic and technical point of view, ICCROM, Italy D'ossat, G., (1982) Guida allo studio metodico dei monumenti e delle ...
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Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt By Bernd Fitzner, Kurt Heinrichs and Dennis LaBouchardiere Publisher: Off. for Off. Publ. of the Europ.
The limestone blocks (samples) were collected from the quarry of Mokattam limestone plateau east of Cairo city, one of the most important limestone quarries in Egypt. Most limestone blocks used in construction works of historical monuments in historic Cairo came from the Al-mokattam quarries.
Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt Author(s) Bernd Fitzner Bernd Fitzner. Geological Institute, Aachen University, Working group 'Natural stones and weathering' Wuellnerstrasse 2, D-52062 Aachen, Germany. Search for other works by this author on: ...
The limestone weathering was assessed with respect o weathering forms, weathering products and weathering profiles. A classification scheme of weathering forms and their intensities was tailored to optimal applicability for all Cairo historical monuments constructed from limestones.
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Describing differential decay in Mokattam formation limestone used in World Heritage Sites: the cases of the Great Sphinx–Giza and Historic Cairo, Egypt. Miguel Gomez-Heras. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email.
Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt Article in Geological Society London Special Publications 205(1) · January 2002 with 387 Reads DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2002.205.01.17
Mar 22, 2014· Abstract. The Roman and Byzantine monuments at Sabratha in northwest Libya represent cultural heritage of remarkable global significance. This report describes the weathering damage of calcarenites, the most dominant stone type used in the construction of monuments in the ancient city of Sabratha.